A diet study published in Cell Metabolism on August 13, 2015, provides clarity between two competing diet philosophies. Conducted by the National Institute of Health (NIH), the study aimed to compare low carb diets with low fat diets. Researchers found that cutting dietary fat reduces body fat more than cutting carbohydrates.
The study included 19 obese, non-diabetic men and women. The participants were housed at the NIH Clinical Center for two two-week periods. For the first five days of each period participants ate a diet designed to help them maintain their current weight. Then they switched to either a reduced-fat or reduced-carbohydrate diet containing 30% less calories for 6 days. Participants exercised every day on a treadmill at the same pace and incline. During the second stay, subjects followed the opposite low-fat or low-carbohydtate diet following the five-day baseline diet.
The results from this study showed that restricting dietary fat lead to body fat loss at a rate of 68% higher than cutting the same number of carbohydrate calories.
“This NIH study provides invaluable evidence on how different types of calories affect metabolism and body composition,” said NIDDK Director Griffin P. Rodgers, M.D. “The more we learn about the complicated topic of weight loss, the better we can find ways to help people manage their health.”
“Our data tell us that when it comes to body fat loss, not all diet calories are exactly equal,” said Kevin Hall, Ph.D., NIDDK senior investigator and lead study author. “But the real world is more complicated than a research lab, and if you have obesity and want to lose weight, it may be more important to consider which type of diet you’ll be most likely to stick to over time.”
RefluxMD’s Recipe for Relief: A Diet for Acid Reflux Sufferers
Because diet – and often weight loss – are such an important part of managing GERD, we recently released our acid reflux diet, RefluxMD’s Recipe for Relief. So how do these finding mesh with our plan and help those seeking a diet for acid reflux relief?
RefluxMD’s Recipe for Relief is modeled upon the DASH Diet, which was developed by NIH and is widely considered the “gold standard” in the diet industry. In fact, the DASH Diet won “Best Diet” five years in a row by the U.S. News & World Report annual diet study. Our dietary fat and carbohydrate goals reflect the DASH Diet guidelines.
DASH Diet on fats & carbohydrates
Though not considered a “low-carb” diet, the DASH Diet limits them by emphasizing healthier carbohydrates from fruits, vegetables, grains and other healthy sources of carbohydrates, as well as restricts refined carbs from pastas and white breads. With regard to fat, the DASH Diet embraces healthy fats found in the fatty fish, certain nuts, and avocados, but has strict limitations on trans fats and saturated fats by emphasizing lean-meats, poultry, and low fat dairy.
How these guidelines pertain to the recent study, the DASH Diet and RefluxMD’s Recipe for Relief, are diets that restricts both fats and carbohydrates, and emphasizes the healthier sources of each. It doesn’t belong to a category like low-carb or low-fat, it takes a well-balanced approach to dieting that has proven great results to those who follow them. Both diets are also very customizable, so if you want to reduce a greater amount of fat in your diet, the plan allows you to do so. Of course, theses are only small elements in a more comprehensive plan. We encourage you to learn more by reading 5 steps to an acid reflux diet.